Battles of Junín and Ayacucho ~ 1824
Simón Bolivar invaded Peru
in 1823. On August 6, 1824 Bolivar and Antonio José de Sucre defeated
the Spanish on the Pampas de Charcarmarca in Junín. They pressed on to
Lima and arrived there in September. On December 9, 1804 the
Republican army led by Antonio José de Sucre Acalá fought the
Spaniards on La Pampa de La Quinua a few miles from Ayacucho near the
town of Quinua. The Spainish troops were defeated and Viceroy José de
la Serna surrendered and agreed to leave Peru.
The stamps were issued by Peru to celebrate the final
battle at Ayacucho
The Nasca Plain
Geoglyphs, land drawings,
were scratched on the surface of the ground between 500 b.c. and 500
a.d. in the Peruvian coastal plain south of Lima. The glyphys depict
animals, plants, imaginary beings and geometric figures. They were
discovered by Dr. Paul Kosok of Long Island University. In 1946 he
passed all of his information to Maria Reiche, a graduate of Hamburg
University. She became the protector, preserver, and interpreter of
the drawings for 50 years. She died in 1998.
The stamp shows a picture of Maria Reiche, and some of
the drawings on the Nasca plain.