Jersey is a dependent
territory of the British Crown. The Bailiwick began to issue its own
stamps in 1969. This stamp was issued in 1976 and shows the twelve
parishes of the bailiwick.
The island of Jersey off
the coast of France is out of scale with the rest of the map.
Kenya became a Crown Colony
in 1906. It included the former East Africa Protectorate which was
leased from the Sultan of Zanzibar and known as the Kenya
Protectorate. The Uganda Protectorate was declared a British
protectorate in 1894, and became independent in 1962. Tanganyika was a
trust territory grouped postally with Kenya and Uganda from 1935 to
1961 when it became independent. In 1964 Zanzibar merged with
Tanganyika, and 1965 "Tanzania" replaced "Tanganyika and Zanzibar."
The stamp was issued in 1958 to commemorate the centennial of the
discovery of Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika by Sir Richard F. Burton
and Captain J. H. Speke.
The independent native state
of Basutoland was annexed to the Cape Colony in 1871, and transferred
directly to the British Crown in 1883. Basutoland became an
independent state again in 1966 with the name Lesotho.
One of the few examples of Africans in Southern Africa
winning a conflict with whites in the 19th century is the Gun War
(1880-1881) which ended ten years of rule by the British Cape Colony
The Cape magistrates had interfered with the
traditional laws and authorities of the Sotho people. The magistrates
tried to enforce a Disarmament Act, but the Sotho refused to be
disarmed. The decisive engagement was at Qalabani in October 1880. The
Sotho ambushed a column of soldiers and killed or wounded 39 of them.
The Cape magistrates could not regain control, and the British
government in London took over in 1883. The stamp was issued to
celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Gun War. The map shows several
areas of action.