On October 31, 1902, the Pacific Cable was opened, and on December
15th of the same year, Guglielmo Marconi (1874-1937) sent the first
radio message across the Atlantic Ocean, from Glace Bay, Nova Scotia,
to Poldhu, England.
In 1879 Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915) proposed an
'all-British' expanded telegraph route which was to run from the west
coast of Vancouver Island across the ocean floor to the first relay
station on Fanning Island, on to Fiji, Norfolk Island, Southport
(Australia) and Auckland (New Zealand). The cable station at Bramfield
was officially opened on October 31, 1902, and on the very next day
the first 'world-circulating telegraph message' was delivered to Lord
Minto, the Governor General of Canada, after circling the globe.
Featured on the right-hand Communications stamp is a
portrait of Marconi in 1896 complimented by a postcard picture of
Marconi Wireless Station in Glace Bay and Marconi's signature; and
featured on the left-hand stamp is a portrait of Fleming surrounded by
the cable ship Iris at Bramfield and Fleming's signature. It is not
clear what projection was used for the map.
The stamps were issued in 2000 to mark the centennials
of the first telegraph message sent over the trans-Pacific cable, and
the first trans-Atlantic radio message.
Danish-Russian Undersea Cable
The stamp shows the route
of an under-sea communications cable from Denmark to Russia. It was
issued to celebrate the 500th anniversary of Danish-Russian relations
in 1993. Russia issued a similar stamp (SCN 6154).
The stamp commemorates the
completion of the undersea cable between Naoetsu, Japan and Nakhodka,
Russia in 1969.