Peter Thunberg, professor in botany and medicine, explorer. Thunberg
was a student of Carl Linneaus. After several years in South Africa,
in 1775 he was sent to Japan by the Dutch East India Company. There he
collected botanical specimens and established the basis for Japanese
Anders Sparrman, doctor, botanist and explorer.
Sparrman was also a student of Carl Linneaus. He spent some time in
South Africa, where he joined Captain James Cook's second expedition
on the Resolution. After two and a half years with Cook he returned to
the Cape and his studies there.
Swedish botanists Dr. Daniel Karl Solander and Anders
Sparrman (the stamp has an extra “n”), are commemorated on this
souvenir sheet from French Polynesia. Solander visited the island on
James Cook’s first voyage in 1768, and Sparrman accompanied Cook on
his second voyage in 1772. Both men were students of Carolus
Linnaeus, who originated the scientific system of plant
classification. The map is not identified. The background of the sheet
is clearly modern.
Nordenskiöld, baron, geologist, explorer, participated in a majority
of expeditions to Spitsbergen and on July 21, 1878 in Tromsö began his
famous journey through the Northwest Passage with the ship, Vega.
After overwintering he continued the journey through Beringsund and
thereby the Northwest Passage was completed.
S. A. Andrée, engineer, physicist, took part in an
expedition to Spitsbergen (1882-1883) where he made observations from
the earth of atmospheric electricity. This gave rise to his interest
in scientific balloon excursions. His two most successful were from
Stockholm to the Finnish archipelago and from Göteborg to Gotland. In
1897 Andrée and two companions attempted to reach the North pole by
balloon. They failed and the remains of the expedition were found in
Sven Hedin, explorer, geographer and author. He
traveled to Central Asia four times and mapped much of Central Asia.
Hedin was knighted in 1902, the last person to receive Swedish
knighthood, and became a member of the Swedish academy in 1913.