Russian Polar Explorers
The souvenir sheet issued
in 2000 honors five Russian polar explorers. They are from the top of
the left column to the top of the right column: Vladimir Yur’evich
Vise (1886-1954), who was involved with the physical sciences,
geography, geophysics, oceanography and meteorology; ; P. A. Gordienko
(1913-1982); Aleksej Feodorovich Treshnikov (1914-1991), the leader of
the second Russion expedition in 1957; Mikhail Mikailovich Somov
(1908-1973), the leader of the first Russian Antarctic exploration in
1957; and R. L Samoilovich (1881-1940).
Vostok Research Station
The Vostok Research
Station, the first station in the Antarctic interior, was opened in
1957 as a part of the International Geophysical Year. It was named for
one of the sloops on which Bellingshousen and Lazarev sailed around
the world in 1819-1821. The station is located at the South
geomagnetic pole, and the coldest spot on the continent with
temperatures as low as -89.2° Celsius.
Since 1995 a major project at the station has been
drilling and analyzing ice cores of the Vostok lake which lies 252
meters below sea level under 3,750 meters of ice. The cores provide
records of atmospheric chemistry for approximately 200,000 years.
commemorates the launching of sounding balloons and of a Gamma Centaur
rocket in the Antarctic during February, 1965.