Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić
was born around 1350, the eldest son of Duke Vukac Hrvatinić. In 1403
he was named regent for Hungary, Croatia and Dalmatia, and was made
Duke of Split. In 1415 he invited the Ottomans to help him defeat the
Hungarian army. The Hungarians were defeated, but the Turks did not
leave. After 1416 Hrvoje's name was never mentioned in historical
Two books were written for Hrvoje, a Glagolitic missal
and a Cyrillic anthology of biblical and other texts.
Hrvoje's Missal ~ 1403-1404
The missal was transcribed
by the copyist Butko in Glagolitic on 247 sheets with 380 illuminated
initials and over a hundred miniatures. It was written in 1403-1404
for St. Michael's church in Split. After Bosnia fell to the Turks the
codes went to the library of Corvine in Buda, then to Topkapi Sarai
library Constantinople, where it remains. On the stamp the miniature
shows a scene from the life of Jesus, Jesus and the Samaritan woman,
with the walls of Diocletian's palace in the background. The stamp was
issued on the 600th anniversary of the composition of the Missal.
Hvalov Zbornik's Anthology ~ 1404
The manuscript was written
by Hvalov Zbornik "to the honor of the glorious sire, Hrvoje, Duke of Split
and Duke of Doljnji Kraj (the lowlands) and many other lands". It was
written on 353 sheets of fine parchment and illuminated
with miniatures, ornaments, and illuminated initials. The text is in
Croatian Cyrillic with a Glagolitic introduction. The miniatures are
by two painters; one paints on a blue background, the other on a gold
background. One of the artists is Hval, but it is not known which. The
manuscript is preserved in the University library of Bologna in
Italy since the 18th century.
The Croatian stamp was issued for the 600th
anniversary of the composition of the manuscript.