1886 Great Britain allowed Italy to claim the Red Sea coast and form
the colony of Eritrea. In 1890 it became an Italian colony and in 1936
it was incorporated as a province of Italian East Africa (Africa
Orientale Italiana), along with Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland. The
British expelled the Italians in 1941, and in 1951 Eritrea and
Ethiopia were united.
To celebrate Ethiopia’s federation with Eritrea nine stamps were
issued in 1952. One of them featured a map of the Horn of Africa and
the Arabian peninsula, entitled Ethiopia with her Sea Borders, with the countries as of September 11, 1952.
Several towns are identified, Massawa, Asmara, and Assab in Eritrea,
and Gondar, Addis Ababa in Ethiopia, several unnamed lakes and
portraits of Emperor Haile Selassie I and Empress Menen Asfaw. Along
the right side and bottom right of the stamp are several symbols that
must have significance in Ethiopia.
The countries shown
include French Somaliland which was granted independence in 1977 as
Djibouti, the (British) Somaliland Protectorate and Italian Somaliland
which formed the Republic of Somalia in 1960, as well as Eritrea and
Ethiopia which joined in a federation in 1952. Eritrea was annexed by
Ethiopia 10 years later and became independent in 1993.