St. Emilian Cucullatus is one
of the patron saints of Spain, called La Cogalla, "the Cowled." A
shepherd from La Rioja, in Navarre, Spain, he was ordained a priest
after many years as a hermit. He was made pastor of the parish in
Berceo but became a hermit again. In time so many joined him that he
founded a hermitage that became the Benedictine Abbey of La Cogalla.
The region, known as La Bureba, is said to be the
birthplace of the Spanish language, vulgar Latin modified under Basque
influence. It has, in recent years, been promoted as the cradle of
Spanish language and culture.
The stamp was issued in 1977 to commemorate the
millennium of the Catalan language. The manuscript is the earliest
known writing in Catalan.