Centenary of "Olho de Cabra" ~ 1861-1961
The stamps issued in by
Brazil in 1961 show the English Channel and a silhouete map of the
Netherlands, and Brazilian stamps from 1861.
Pan-American Union ~ 1890-1940
The stamp was issued in 1940 to mark the 50th
anniversary of the Pan-American Union. In addition to the map profiles
of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Getúlio Dornelles
Vargas of Brazil. Vargas was the dictator of Brazil from 1930 to 1954.
Slavery in Brazil
The discovery of the Western
Hemisphere created a need for cheap labor to exploit the resources
discovered there which brought about a great expansion of slavery in
the 1500's. While a lot of attention has been paid to the institution
of African slavery in the North, the country with the largest and
longest experience with slavery was not the United States but Brazil.
It was not until 1851 that the importation of slaves was prohibited
and not until 1888 that slavery was abolished. Today Brazil has the
largest black population outside Africa.
The stamp shows a portion of a map of Africa showing
the Gulf of Benin, a view of a slave ship from above, and outline maps
of Africa and South America with the slave trade routes between them.