Argentina and Chile have a
long history of border disputes at the southern tip of the continent.
Both wanted possession of the Straits discovered by Magellan in 1520,
but attempts to establish colonies by both countries failed. Chili did
establish a colony in 1843. The border with Argentina on Tierra del
Fuego was established in 1881. In 1902 through arbitration by Great
Britain the part of Patagonia west of the Andes was ceded to Chili.
In 1936 Argentina issued a stamp which showed a map of
South America with Argentina colored grey. The grey included a portion
of Patagonia, claimed by Chile, on the southern coast of South America
and all of Tierra del Fuego. Chili and Peru protested and
Argentina withdrew the stamp and issued another in 1937 which removed
all national boundaries. Great Britain protested Argentina's claim to
the Falkland Islands, but Argentina colored them grey on the new map
In 1951 Argentina issued a
stamp on which the shading again encroached on Chilean territory on
the island of Tierra del Fuego, and in Antarctica.