The Congo became a colony
of Belgium from 1885. The Belgian rule was repressive and
exploitative, and in 1908 the Congo was annexed by Belgium in an
effort to correct those abuses.
The stamp was issued by the Belgian Congo in 1955 to
mark the meeting of the Fifth International Congress of African
Tourism. On a silhouette map of the African continent the Belgian
Congo is shown as a darker silhouette.
After World War II there was an increasing call for
separation which culminated in the achievement of independence in
1960. as the Democratic Republic of Congo. Independence did not bring
political unity in Congo. Several provinces seceded, and
political leaders were assassinated. In 1998 the name was changed to
the Republic of Zaire.
This stamp, issued on the
10th anniversary of independence has a picture of Mobutu Sese Seko who
declared himself President in 1965 and held that position until he
fled into exile in 1997.