Pizarro, Francisco (c.
1476–1541) was born in Trujillo, the illegitimate son of a Spanish
gentleman. Pizzaro accompanied Ojeda to Colombia in 1510 and was with
Balboa when he discovered the Pacific. Hearing of the fabled wealth of
the Incas, he formed (1524) a partnership with Diego de Almagro and
Fernando de Luque (a priest who secured funds). The first expedition
reached the San Juan River, part of the present boundary between
Ecuador and Colombia. On the second (1526–28), Pizarro explored the
swampy coast farther south. I
On a third expedition Pizarro landed at Tumbes (1532)
and ascended the Andes to Cajamarca, where the Inca, Atahualpa,
awaited him. Professing friendship, he enticed Atahualpa into the
power of the Spanish, seized him, exacted a stupendous ransom, and
then treacherously had him executed. The conquest of Peru was
virtually completed by the capture of Cuzco, which was later defended
against Inca forces led by Manco Capac.
Francisco's greed and ambition, offset his
resourcefulness, courage, and cunning. A band of assassins surprised
him at dinner, and although he fought desperately, he was overpowered
South America, 1542
Francisco Pizzaro and his brothers conquered Peru were accompanied by
Francisco de Orellana who set out from Quito to explore the interior
of South America in 1541. Orellana left the main party, followed the
Napo River to the Amazon, and then followed the Amazon to the Atlantic
in August 1542. He told of encounters with female warriors, like the
Amazons of classical mythology.
The stamp shows Orellana's route from Cuzco in 1541 to
Lima and San Miguel and Quito, and from there to the Amazon and the
Atlantic Ocean in 1542. The original on which the map is based is
undetermined. It may be a composite of several maps of the period.
Scott's catalog describes it as "Map of South America with
Amazon as Spaniards Knew it in 1542."