Francisco Pizarro

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     Pizarro, Francisco (c. 14761541) was born in Trujillo, the illegitimate son of a Spanish gentleman. Pizzaro accompanied Ojeda to Colombia in 1510 and was with Balboa when he discovered the Pacific. Hearing of the fabled wealth of the Incas, he formed (1524) a partnership with Diego de Almagro and Fernando de Luque (a priest who secured funds). The first expedition reached the San Juan River, part of the present boundary between Ecuador and Colombia. On the second (152628), Pizarro explored the swampy coast farther south. I
     On a third expedition Pizarro landed at Tumbes (1532) and ascended the Andes to Cajamarca, where the Inca, Atahualpa, awaited him. Professing friendship, he enticed Atahualpa into the power of the Spanish, seized him, exacted a stupendous ransom, and then treacherously had him executed. The conquest of Peru was virtually completed by the capture of Cuzco, which was later defended against Inca forces led by Manco Capac.
     Francisco's greed and ambition, offset his resourcefulness, courage, and cunning. A band of assassins surprised him at dinner, and although he fought desperately, he was overpowered and slain.

SCN 1047b

South America, 1542

Francisco Pizzaro and his brothers conquered Peru were accompanied by Francisco de Orellana who set out from Quito to explore the interior of South America in 1541. Orellana left the main party, followed the Napo River to the Amazon, and then followed the Amazon to the Atlantic in August 1542. He told of encounters with female warriors, like the Amazons of classical mythology.
     The stamp shows Orellana's route from Cuzco in 1541 to Lima and San Miguel and Quito, and from there to the Amazon and the Atlantic Ocean in 1542. The original on which the map is based is undetermined. It may be a composite of several maps of the period. Scott's catalog describes it as  "Map of South America with Amazon as Spaniards Knew it in 1542."

SCN 401