In 1934 Otto Iul'evich Schmidt (1891-1956)
let an expedition to the Arctic on the icebreaker Cheliuskin. The ship
was trapped by the ice and finally crushed. 104 crew members escaped
onto the ice, and survived for two months before being rescued by
The minisheet issued by Belarus in 2001 features the
Arctic ice sheet with a red line marking the course of the Cheliuskin
to its grave, pictures of the members of the crew and expedition who
had to leave the ship, and, at the bottom of the sheet, the plane
which rescued them. At the top of the sheet next to the middle
perforations are three islands rising out of the Polar ice cap. I
believe that they represent the Severnaya Zemlya.
On the stamp is a picture of Schmidt, a number of books
which represent the books he published, and on the left side of the
stamp a small map of the Severnaya Zemlya with a red arrow
pointing to "Ostrov Schmidt" (Schmidt Island), which was designated to
honor the explorer.
The aerial rescue of the Cheliuskin crew and expedition
is also commemorated on Russia C59.