The northwest border
between Ecuador and Peru has been a source of dispute and conflict
since 1938. In 1942 the Protocol of Rio de Janeiro was signed.
However, the language describing the border was inaccurate and led to
further conflict. In 1995 the two countries fought over the 78 mile
Cordillera del Condor between the Cenep and Zamora rivers. The stamp
shows the disputed border from the perspective of Peur and claims
"These lands and these rivers have been and are Peurvian." In 1998
Peru and Ecuador signed a peace accord.
According to the accord the border will follow the
heights of the Cordillera del Condor mountain range. A hill within
Peru's territory called Tiwintza will be granted to Ecuador's
government as private property, though it will remain under Peruvian
sovereignty. And the agreement also calls for two contiguous national
parks to be created in the disputed area.