Johannes Honterus (also Johannes Honter,
Johann Hynter) was born in 1498 the son of a tanner and became one of
the most prodigious individuals in the town of Braslov (then
Kronstadt). He graduated from the University of Vienna in 1525 with a
master of arts. He is known as the “Luther of Transylvania” and “the
Apostle of Transylvania” and was instrumental in establishing the
Saxon Evangelical church near the end of his life.
He is the author of the Rudimenta Cosmographiae
(1530), and of a Latin grammar in 1530. He drew the map of
Transylvania, Chorographia Transylvaniae Sevémbürgen, which is
the map in the center of the minisheet issued in 2007 by Romania as
part of its German Personages in Romania series. The Seven Cities are
the seven German cities founded or settled by the German Saxons in
Transylvania Kronstadt, Schäßburg, Mediasch, Hermannstadt, Mühlbach,
Bistritz and Klausenburg. He also set up a printing press in Braslov
and reorganized the high school. His Cosmographia was reprinted
in 1542 with a new title Rudimenta Cosmographica and the text
in hexameter verse, to be easier to memorize.
The map appears in the center of the sheet, and also as
the background in each of the stamps.
Honterus’ map is preserved in the National Library of