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Salta, Argentina ~ 1785

     The stamp commemorates the 400th anniversary of the founding of the town of Salta, the capital of Salta province in the Lerma valley in north west Argentina. It was founded by Don Hernando de Lerma and was a military outpost in the fight against the indians. It was also an important commercial and cultural center during the 17th century. Salta appears in the upper left area of the map.
     The map on the stamp is a small part of map of postal routes drawn by Manuel de Basavilbaso in 1785 with the title, in English, A topographical map which shows the provinces subject to the central administration of the royal revenue of the posts of Buenos Aires and bordering holdings, and the royal post road to Mendoza, Peru, and Paraguay, which belong to the said administration, a region defined by the line of points colored in yellow.
The dashed line indicates a political boundary, while the solid line shows the route of one of the two royal post roads, this one from Buenos Aires to the northern border of the region mapped. The signature  on the stamps is that of Don Hernando de Lerma, who founded the city in 1582.

Walter Klinefelter, "An Eighteenth Century Postal Map,"
The Carto-Philatelist, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 8-9

SCN 1342

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